## Beautiful math in all browsers

A JavaScript display engine for mathematics that works in all browsers.

No more setup for readers. It just works.

## Features and Benefits

### High-quality typography

MathJax™ uses CSS with web fonts or SVG, instead of bitmap images or Flash, so equations scale with surrounding text at all zoom levels.

### Modular Input & Output

MathJax is highly modular on input and output. Use MathML, TeX, and ASCIImath as input and produce HTML+CSS, SVG, or MathML as output.

### Accessible & reusable

MathJax works with screenreaders & provides expression zoom and interactive exploration. You also can copy equations into Office, LaTeX, wikis, and other software.

### Samples

Our homepage is configured to use MathJax's CommonHTML mode with web fonts to display the equations, which produces uniform layout and typesetting across browsers. But MathJax can also be configured to use HTML-CSS (for legacy browsers), SVG, and native MathML rendering when available in a browser. You can try the various output modes using the MathJax context Menu (which you access by ctrl+clicking / alt-clicking / right-clicking an equation) or the menu below.

#### The Quadratic Formula

\[x = {-b \pm \sqrt{b^2-4ac} \over 2a}.\]#### Cauchy's Integral Formula

\[f(a) = \frac{1}{2\pi i} \oint\frac{f(z)}{z-a}dz\]#### Double angle formula for Cosines

\[ \cos(θ+φ)=\cos(θ)\cos(φ)−\sin(θ)\sin(φ) \]#### Gauss' Divergence Theorem

\[ \int_D ({\nabla\cdot} F)dV=\int_{\partial D} F\cdot ndS \]#### Curl of a Vector Field

\[ \vec{\nabla} \times \vec{F} = \left( \frac{\partial F_z}{\partial y} - \frac{\partial F_y}{\partial z} \right) \mathbf{i} + \left( \frac{\partial F_x}{\partial z} - \frac{\partial F_z}{\partial x} \right) \mathbf{j} + \left( \frac{\partial F_y}{\partial x} - \frac{\partial F_x}{\partial y} \right) \mathbf{k} \]#### Standard Deviation

\[\sigma = \sqrt{ \frac{1}{N} \sum_{i=1}^N (x_i -\mu)^2} \]#### Definition of Christoffel Symbols

\[(\nabla_X Y)^k = X^i (\nabla_i Y)^k = X^i \left( \frac{\partial Y^k}{\partial x^i} + \Gamma_{im}^k Y^m \right)\]### Accessibility and reuse.

#### Accessibility

MathJax provides a powerful set of accessibility extensions that provide navigation, exploration, and voicing on the client.

You can find more information in our introductory video on YouTube and our documentation.

### Reuse

Using the MathJax context menu, you can access the source of any mathematical expression either in MathML format, or in its original format if that was TeX or AsciiMath.

To access the MathJax menu, right-click on a math formula (if you are using Windows), or
Control-click it (if you are using a Mac) or touble-tap and hold on a touch device. In
the sub-menu “`Show Math as`

” you can choose between “`MathML Code`

” and
“`TeX commands`

” to get a pop-up that allows you to copy the math source into
another application. Try it out on the equation below!

You can also watch our screencast on YouTube of a MathJax equation being copied and pasted into a variety of applications. Note that this screencast is based on MathJax v1.1 so the menu structure is a little different in the current version.

## Documentation

### Getting Started

Whether you're a casual user, a serious author, or a professional developer, it's easy to integrate MathJax.

### A rich API

Use our extensive APIs to create interactive content, advanced authoring tools, and math-enabled web and mobile apps.

### Works everywhere

MathJax generates high-quality output on all browsers & platforms - even legacy browsers such as IE 6 (if you have to).

### Bugs, Issues, Code

We host our code, docs, and this site on GitHub. Please report issues & submit patches!

### General Support

You can ask general questions on the MathJax-Users mailing list where the entire community can chime in.

### Simple integration

Adding MathJax to your web pages is easy to do.

If you are using a Content Management System (like Wordpress, Moodle, or Drupal) to generate your web site, there may be a plugin to add MathJax to your site already, e.g., for Wordpress or Drupal. You may need to download or activate the plugin, if one is available.

If you are using specialized authoring tools, such as LaTeX or Markdown, they might integrate MathJax out of the box or have plugins, e.g., for LaTeX, Markdown, or even epub.

If you write your own HTML (directly or via a template/theme engine), you can include MathJax by adding this snippet to your page:

```
<script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=es6"></script>
<script id="MathJax-script" async src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/mathjax@3/es5/tex-mml-chtml.js"></script>
```

Here's a pre-populated example on jsbin you can re-use.

**Note:** the configuration file `tex-mml-chtml.js`

is a great way
to test both TeX and MathML input options at once. You can find leaner
combined
configuration packages in our documentation.

If you use the snippet above, you will not need to change the version number in the
`src`

attribute every time the version of MathJax changes. If you want to always
use a specific version, then use a reference like

```
<script src="https://polyfill.io/v3/polyfill.min.js?features=es6"></script>
<script id="MathJax-script" async src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/npm/mathjax@3.0.0/es5/tex-mml-chtml.js"></script>
```

Here's a pre-populated example on jsbin you can re-use.

If you are a developer who wants to integrate MathJax into your workflow, you can download a copy or fetch it from npm or Packagist and configure MathJax yourself. The source code is available from npm as well. There are example files in the MathJax Web Examples repository.

If you prefer to render server-side, MathJax version 3 makes that easy as well. There are examples in our MathJax Node Demos repository.

Jump to our docs### A rich set of APIs

Our extensive APIs allow developers to create everything from interactive content, to advanced authoring tools, to math-enabled web and mobile apps.

To get started, check out how to use dynamic math content, or write your own custom component, or render on the server using NodeJS. To dive deeper, start with the landing page in

our API documentation### Browser support

MathJax generates consistent, high-quality output on all browsers & platforms. Our output formats support all the major browser, including: IE11, Edge, Chrome, Firefox, Safari, Opera, etc.

Version 2 of MathJax supported earlier versions of IE, back to IE6 in some output formats, so if you need to support extremely old browsers, you can continue to use MathJax v2.7.5 for those needs.

You can find additional details in our documentation

## Sponsors

We are supported by the MathJax Sponsorship Program and through individual donations from people like you.

MathJax is a Sponsored Project of NumFOCUS, a 501(c)(3) nonprofit charity in the United States. NumFOCUS provides MathJax with fiscal, legal, and administrative support to help ensure the health and sustainability of the project. Visit numfocus.org for more information.

Donations to MathJax are managed by NumFOCUS. For donors in the United States, your gift is tax-deductible to the extent provided by law. As with any donation, you should consult with your tax adviser about your particular tax situation.

### The MathJax Sponsorship Program

The MathJax project was initiated in 2009 by Design Science, the American Mathematical Society (AMS) and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) with the goal of creating a robust, easy-to-use, and universal solution for displaying high-quality mathematics online. From the beginning, MathJax was conceived as open-source software, on the principle that math display should be part of the common infrastructure of the web.

Providing a universal solution for online math display requires a long-term commitment. Our users need MathJax to be reliable and easy to use, now and in the future. This requires a continuous and coordinated rapid response to browser updates and bugs, keeping up with the proliferation of tablets, smartphones, and ebook readers, and a consistent approach towards new functionality and performance improvements. All of this is important to the community, and requires dedicated time, effort, and money.

Our founding sponsors have been very generous in providing funding; however, as more and
more individuals and organizations are using MathJax and its benefit to the community is
growing, its base of support grew via the Sponsorship Program. To ensure the long-term
stability of MathJax, we continuously reach out to the community and ask organizations to
contribute to the MathJax project by becoming a
Friend,
Supporter, or
Partner.
**All MathJax sponsors share a demonstrated and significant interest in the
dissemination of mathematics on the web, in particular through the MathJax project and its
activities.**

Please feel free to contact us for any further information about the sponsorship program.

### MathJax Friends

By becoming a MathJax Friend, organizations show the community that they support the goal of easy-to-use, high-quality mathematics display on the web for everyone, and are contributing in a very concrete way to help MathJax realize that goal. MathJax Friends will be listed on the MathJax Sponsors page.

*Summary of Benefits:*

- A name (with link) on the MathJax Sponsors page.
- Use of the term “MathJax Friend” in corporate communications.

*Annual contribution:*

$500+

### MathJax Supporters

MathJax Supporters make an important contribution to the project and demonstrate their commitment to a durable math display solution for the web. Upon joining, Supporters receive exposure on the MathJax website, Facebook page, and Twitter feed. This will alert their users to their interest in using the best math display technology to enhance their online viewing experience, and displays their support for a project benefitting the entire math, science, and education community.

Supporters also receive informative quarterly reports giving insight into project timelines, development plans, and upcoming activities. These reports enable to better plan their use of MathJax to take full advantage of MathJax resources to benefit their users.

*Summary of Benefits (in addition to Friend benefits):*

- Quarterly reports summarizing timelines, development plans, and upcoming project activities.
- Prominent, exclusive announcement in the News section on the MathJax homepage, a Twitter post, and Facebook update upon joining.
- A small logo (with link) on the MathJax Sponsors page.
- Use of the term “MathJax Supporter” and MathJax Supporter Badge in corporate communications.

*Annual contribution:*

$5,000+ (for-profit) / 3,000+ (not-for-profit)

### MathJax Partners

MathJax Partners are a driving force behind the project. They are discussion partners in determining the long-term direction of the project, and through exclusive benefits, we seek to ensure that Partners can offer their readers the highest quality math display and user experience.

Partners receive priority support and consideration for enhancements through a dedicated technical contact. This technical contact will work to ensure that issues receive prompt attention and receive a timely resolution. The contact will also meet with Partners to understand their requirements, serve as a liaison to the technical team, and work with Partners to be sure their requirements are being addressed to the extent possible within resource and technology constraints.

*Summary of Benefits (in addition to Supporter benefits):*

- Quarterly reports on the financial condition and budget forecasts for the project.
- A dedicated technical contact to develop a personalized technical relationship, who will:
- Coordinate priority response to technical issues and feature requests;
- Work with Partners to understand and advise about technical requirements;
- Organize one-on-one meetings, technical webinars and Q and A sessions with technical staff as needed.

- A press release (optionally joint) upon joining.
- A large logo (with link) and paragraph on the MathJax Sponsors page.
- Use of the term “MathJax Partner” and MathJax Partner Badge in corporate communications.

*Annual contribution:*

$20,000+

For individuals and organization who would like to support MathJax, but aren’t able to become an official sponsor at this time, individual donations are also possible in any amount via the Donate button on the mathjax.org web site.

### Founding Partners

### The American Mathematical Society

The AMS, founded in 1888 to further the interests of mathematical research and scholarship, serves the national and international community through its publications, meetings, advocacy and other programs, which promote mathematical research, its communication and uses, encourage and promote the transmission of mathematical understanding and skills, support mathematical education at all levels, advance the status of the profession of mathematics, encouraging and facilitating full participation of all individuals, foster an awareness and appreciation of mathematics and its connections to other disciplines and everyday life. For more information, please visit www.ams.org.

### The Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics

SIAM is an international community of over 13,000 individual members. Almost 500 academic, manufacturing, research and development, service and consulting organizations, government, and military organizations worldwide are institutional members. SIAM fosters the development of applied mathematical and computational methodologies needed in these various application areas. Applied mathematics in partnership with computational science is essential in solving many real-world problems. Through publications, research, and community, the mission of SIAM is to build cooperation between mathematics and the worlds of science and technology. For more information, please visit www.siam.org.

### Partners

### IEEE

The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is the world’s largest
professional association dedicated to advancing technological innovation and excellence
for the benefit of humanity. IEEE and its members inspire a global community through
IEEE’s highly cited publications, conferences, technology standards, and professional and
educational activities. IEEE is designed to serve professionals involved in all aspects of
the electrical, electronic and computing fields and related areas of science and
technology that underlie modern civilization. Its 38 Societies and 7 technical Councils
represent the wide range of IEEE technical interests. The IEEE *Xplore* Digital
Library hosts more than 3 million documents, with more than 8 million downloads each
month. For more information, please visit
www.ieee.org.

### Elsevier

Headquartered in Amsterdam, Elsevier serves more than 30 million scientists, students and
health and information professionals worldwide. With more than 7,000 employees in 24
countries Elsevier partners with a global community of 7,000 journal editors, 70,000
editorial board members, 300,000 reviewers and 600,000 authors to help advance science and
health by providing world-class information and innovative tools. Elsevier is a founding
publisher of global programs that provide free or low-cost access to science and health
information in the developing world. With its roots in journal and book publishing,
Elsevier has fostered the peer-review process for more than 130 years.

For more
information, please visit
www.elsevier.com.

### Supporters

### Friends

## About us

MathJax is a fiscally sponsored project under the auspices of the NumFOCUS Foundation, which serves as the legal and fiscal umbrella for the MathJax project and several dozen other open-source, scientifically oriented software products.

Originally, MathJax was supported by The MathJax Consortium, a joint venture of the American Mathematical Society (AMS) and the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics (SIAM) to advance mathematical and scientific content on the web. We are grateful for the commitment offered by the Consortium for over 10 years, without which MathJax would not exist today.

### Core Goals

The core of the MathJax project is the development of its state-of-the-art, open source, JavaScript platform for display of mathematics. Our key design goals are:

- High-quality display of mathematics notation in all browsers.
- No special browser setup required.
- Support for LaTeX, MathML, and other equation markup directly in the HTML source.
- An extensible, modular design with a rich API for easy integration into web applications.
- Support for accessibility, copy and paste, and other rich functionality.
- Interoperability with other applications and math-aware search.
- Support for equation conversion outside a browser (e.g., preprocessing on a server).

### Advisory Committees

The MathJax Steering Committee and the MathJax Technical Committee meet regularly to advise the MathJax team on its development goals and priorities. We’re grateful for the support of our committee members!

#### MathJax Steering Committee

- David Fullerton, Stack Overflow
- Ken Rawson, IEEE
- Paul Mostert, Elsevier
- Ted Kull, SIAM
- Robert Harington, AMS
- Davide Cervone, MathJax
- Volker Sorge, MathJax

#### MathJax Technical Committee

- Omar Al-Ithawi, Edraak
- David Carlisle, NAG Ltd
- Paul Dlug, APS
- Jason Grout, Bloomberg
- Jean Kaplansky, McGraw Hill Higher Education
- Martin Lessmeister, arXiv.org
- Christopher Maloney, NIH
- Marko Obrovac, Wikimedia Foundation
- Matias Piipari, ManuscriptApp
- Phil Schatz, OpenStax CNX
- Neil Soiffer, Independent Consultant
- Alfred Wassermann, Universität Bayreuth
- Ed Woodward, OpenStax CNX
- Peter Krautzberger, krautzource
- Davide Cervone, MathJax
- Volker Sorge, MathJax

### History

MathJax grew out of the popular jsMath project, an earlier Ajax-based math rendering system developed by Davide Cervone in 2004. In the following years, there were many significant developments relevant for web publication of mathematics: consolidation of browser support for CSS 2.1, Web Font technology, adoption of math accessibility standards, and increasing usage of XML workflows for scientific publication.

In 2009, the AMS, Design Science, and SIAM formed the MathJax Consortium to enable Cervone and others to design MathJax from the ground up as a next-generation platform, while still benefiting from the extensive real-world experience gained from jsMath. Since its initial release in 2010, MathJax has become the gold standard for mathematics on the web.

In 2019, MathJax joined the NumFOCUS family of open-source software products as a fiscally sponsored project. MathJax continues to be supported by the founding sponsors and other partners, as it joins this dynamic community.

Over the years since MathJax was first developed, new web technologies and paradigms emerged, and MathJax was not always easy to incoporate into these new approaches. In 2017, after nearly a decade of use, work on MathJax version 3 was begun, a complete rewrite of MathJax from the ground up using modern techniques. This new version integrates with current toolchains and frameworks, and can run equally well in a browser on a server, or in a stand-alone application. It should form a solid foundation for another decade of MathJax use, and its use of the Typescript language should make contributions from our user community easier to produce and incorporate into MathJax.

### The MathJax Team

The MathJax team consists of Davide Cervone and Volker Sorge. Regular contributors include Christian Lawson-Perfect, Omar Al-Ithawi, and Peter Krautzberger.